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Monday, June 23, 2014

Featured Issue: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics Vol.23 No.4

Today we are featuring Iranian Journal of Pediatrics Vol.23 No.4, which was updated on Bioline in March. This issue includes an editorial in memory of Professor Mohsen Ziai, one of the Editorial Board members of the journal who passed away in March 2013. The editorial details his life, education and achievements in the community of pediatric medicine.

The importance of mental health and awareness of mental illness has taken a spotlight on the world stage. One article in this issue of Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, "Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in Decreasing Suicidal Ideation and Hopelessness of the Adolescents with Previous Suicidal Attempts" by Alavi et al., examines how Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) has affected a group of 30 young adults ages 12 to 18 who have been diagnosed with depression and have attempted suicide in the previous three months before the study was conducted. The group underwent a 12-week program of CBT and were evaluated by the Scale of Suicide Ideation, Beck's Hopelessness Inventory and Beck's Depression Inventory before and after the program. The results indicated that there was a significant difference between scores found before and after treatment. It was concluded that CBT is effective in reducing suicide ideation.

This issue also includes "Apparent Life-Threatening Events in Neonatal Period: Clinical Manifestations and Diagnostic Challenges in a Pediatric Referral Center" by Alavi et al. This article evaluates infants who experience episodes of Apparent Life-Threatening Events (ALTEs) in which they can experience apnea, colour change, altered muscle tone, choking and gagging. The study was conducted between June 2010 and May 2011. 18 infants who were treated at the Children's Medical Center in Tehran underwent physical exams and their medical histories were examined, as well as paraclinical findings. The study found that 50% of patients had previous ALTE episodes. Among common symptoms were cyanosis, which was experienced by 67% of patients, and apnea, which was experienced in 44% of patients. It was also found that no infants experienced recurring ALTEs at the follow-up exam. The study concludes that more attention should be paid to the underlying diseases of ALTEs.

You can find these articles and other articles from this issue here.

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