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Monday, January 27, 2014

Featured Issues: Malawi Medical Journal Vol.21

Today we will be featuring articles from issues 1, 2, 3 and 4 of Malawi Medical Journal vol.21. This volume was published in 2009, but it has been available on Bioline since November 2013. Here are some of the highlights of each issue:

Issue no.1 includes the article, "Perceptions toward private medical practitioners' attachments for undergraduate medical students in Malawi" by Matchaya & Muula. This study, with the use of quantitative research conducted in Blantyre, Malawi in 2004, looked at the attachments and attitudes toward medical students by private medical practitioners. The results showed that while private medical practitioners were in favor of having medical students in their practices, graduate students and faculty were opposed to this notion. According to the article, most private medical practitioners lack formal post-graduate qualification. This, added to the lack of nationally-approved medical programs, contributed to the opposition by recent graduates and faculty. The study concluded that medical students, recent graduates and faculty of Malawi College of Medicine do not think that the use of private medical practitioners in education and training should be a tapped resource.
You can find this article and others from this issue here.

Issue no.2 includes "A pilot study to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of local terminology for malaria screening among children in rural Malawi" by Thomas Bisika. Malaria is one of Malawi's biggest health problems and requires early diagnosis and treatment to prevent mortality. However, in some communities, resources are limited. This study aims to assess the accuracy of local terminology in detecting parasitemia in children. Terms such as "malungo","kutsegula m'mimba" and "kukhosomola" are the official names for malaria, diarrhoea, and coughing respectively, and can be used by practitioners in local communities for early diagnosis, testing and treatment.
The complete study and more articles from this issue can be found here.

No.3 includes "Management issues in malnourished children with HIV and Tuberculosis (TB)" by Hayes et al. This study aims to identify the characteristics suggestive of HIV in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). 1024 children admitted to the Balntyre NRU between July 2006 and 2007 were examined for this study. Their demographic, anthropometric and clinical characteristics were collected upon admission to the hospital. The results showed that HIV status was known for 904 of the children. Features found in the children that are associated with HIV were chronic ear discharge, persistent fever and chronic respiratory infection.
For the results of this study and more articles from this issue, click here.

Issue no.4 includes "Open tibia fractures in HIV positive patients" by W.J. Harrison. Like the article mentioned in this post for the previous issue of vol.21, this study focuses on HIV. Complications from HIV on open tibia fractures is examined. The study suggests that HIV may delay bone union of an open tibia fracture. HIV may also increase the risk of infection if internal fixation techniques are used.
You can find the full article and others from this issue here.

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