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Thursday, September 11, 2014

Lung ultrasounds and bronchograms show accuracy in diagnosing respiratory distress syndrome -- Iranian Journal of Pediatrics Vol.24 No.2

We are continuing our posts on Iranian Journal of Pediatrics. 

Today we are featuring vol.24 no.2, which includes "The Role of Lung Ultrasound in Diagnosis of Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborn Infants" by Liu et al., a study conducted to determine how lung ultrasounds can assist in diagnosing respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants, and how valuable it is to the diagnosing process. The study was conducted from March 2012 to May 2013, with 100 newborn infants participating in two groups. One group was designated as the respiratory distress syndrome group and the other was the control group. Among the 100 infants, 10 infants were found to have grade II respiratory distress syndrome. 15 infants were found to have respiratory distress syndrome at the grade III level, and 25 at the grade IV level. Lung ultrasounds were performed on these infants, and some of the parameters measured were A-line, B-line, lung consolidation and air bronchograms. The results indicated that the lung ultrasounds consolidated with the bronchograms and prove to be an accurate and reliable tool for diagnosing respiratory distress syndrome. Because lung ultrasounds are low-cost and easy to perform at the patients' bed sides, its use is encouraged in the neonatal intensive care unit.

This issue also includes "The Association between Weight for Gestational Age and Kidney Volume: A Study in Newborns in India" by Mishra et al. This study aims to examine the correlation between the weight of an infant at a gestational age and its kidney volume. Using Lubchenco’s charts of weight for gestational age, 417 newborns were placed in two categories: appropriate for gestational age and small for gestational age. Their bilateral kidney dimensions were also measured. The results indicated that the mean combined kidney volume was significantly lower among newborns that were small for gestational age than newborns that were appropriate for gestational age.

For the complete results of these studies and other studies from this issue, click here.

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