About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Support Bioline  News

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Resistance to some TB drugs occurred only in new cases - Tanzania Journal of Health Research Vol.14 No.4

Today we are featuring the Tanzania Journal of Health Research. This is the second time we are featuring the journal on our blog--the first time it was featured was in former Bioline team member Esha's post on a Student Perspective of Immunization Delay in Nigerian Infants. The journal was first posted on Bioline in 2008, and since then Bioline has posted 270 of its articles. The journal was formerly called the Tanzania Health Research Bulletin and aims to examine and shed light on health research in Tanzania.

This is one of a series of posts on the journal we will be featuring in the next few days. Vol.14 no.4 was posted on Bioline in March 2014. This issue includes "Anti-tuberculosis drug resistance pattern among pulmonary tuberculosis patients with or without HIV infection in Mwanza, Tanzania" by Range et al. This article examines the drug-resistance of Tuberculosis in new and relapsed TB cases. For the study, drug susceptibility was tested using sputum culture positive isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis using four first-line TB drugs which consisted of rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol and streptomycin. HIV status and demographic information among other information was collected. The results indicated that 7.8% of the isolates, resistance in new cases of TB to least one of the drugs was 7.3% and resistance in relapsed cases of TB was 12.5%. Resistance to just isoniazid was high in both new and relapsed cases, at 45.5% and 50%, respectively. Resistance to solely rifampicin and streptomycin only occurred in new cases of TB.

This issue also includes "How rational are indications for emergency caesarean section in a tertiary hospital in Tanzania?" by Mdgela et al. This article looks at the reasons and the basis for the increase in emergency caesarean sections at Muhimbili National Hospital in Tanzania, and if practices following decisions of caesarean sections are followed. The study was carried out through examination of 345 women's files who had an emergency caesarean section. Some indicators included repeat caesarean sections, which was experienced by 30.2% of women, obstructed labour (14.4%) and foetal distress (13.6%).

For these articles and other articles from this issue, click here.

Labels: , , , , ,


Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home

Home Faq Resources Mailing List Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2010,
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil